11 Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works' sake.
[I am in the Father, and the Father in me] We are one.
[Believe me for the very works' sake] We are not only one in nature, we are one in operation. Such miracles as I have wrought could only be performed by unlimited power.
12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father.
And greater works than these] The miracles which I have wrought
could not have been wrought by less than the omnipotence of God; but that omnipotence
can work greater. And those who believe on my name shall, through my almighty
power, be enabled to work greater miracles than those which I have ordinarily
wrought. An imposter may seduce the people by false miracles; but he cannot
make his power pass to those who were seduced by him; but I will give you
this proof of the divinity of my mission and the truth of my doctrine.
[Because I go unto my Father.] Where I shall be intercessor for you.
13 And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father
may be glorified in the Son.
[Whatsoever ye shall ask in my name] The purpose for granting these requests is that the Father may be glorified in the Son.
15 If ye love me, keep my commandments.
Do not be distraught at the thought of my being separated from you; the most solid proof you can give of your attachment to and affection for me is to keep my commandments. This I shall receive as a greater proof than your tears.
16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;
[I will pray the Father] After having made atonement for the sin of the world, I will become the mediator between God and man; and through my mediation and intercession shall all the blessings of grace and glory be acquired.
[Another comfortor] the Greek word paraclatos signifies not only a comfortor, but also an advocate, a defender of a cause, a counsellor, patron, mediator. In 1 John 2:1, the same word, referring to Christ, is translated "advocate." Christ is thus called, because he is represented as transacting the concerns of our souls with God; and for this cause he tells us he goes unto the Father. The Holy Spirit is thus called, because he transacts the cause of God and Christ with us; explains to us the nature and importance of the great atonement, shows the necessity of it, counsels us to receive it, instructs us how to lay hold on it, vindicates our claim to it and makes intercession for us with unutterable groanings, John 16:12-15, Romans 8:26-27. As Christ acted with his disciples while he sojourned with them, so the Holy Ghost acts with us who believe on his name.
[For ever] As the death and atonement of Christ is effective until the conclusion of the world, so the work of the Holy Spirit will be continued in the hearts of believers until the end of time.
17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.
[The Spirit of truth] The Spirit of God, or Holy Ghost, whose essential office is to glorify Christ, urging the unsaved to believe in Him and to teach, guide and empower Christians to serve Christ their Savior.
[The world cannot receive] By the world, John means those who are not believers in Christ, those who are influenced only by the desire of the flesh, the desire of the eye and the pride of life, 1 John 2:16. These cannot receive the Spirit of the truth because they see him not, have no spiritual discernment, are consumed by the concerns of this present life, and permit no influence but what may be identified by their senses.
[Shall be in you] God the Father, Christ the Son and the Holy Spirit are all one. Speaking to his believing disciples and to all future believers; God, in the form of Jesus Christ will soon be leaving you, but God, in the form of the Holy Spirit will be with you, in fact within you. The new birth spoken of in John 3 is the event caused by the Holy Spirit coming to live within the believer. John 3:6-7, 2 Corinthians 5:17.
18 I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.
[I will not leave you comfortless] Literally, orphans. Such children are destitute of comfort, direction and support, and are prey to misery and disease, to sin and to death. Christ called his disciples children, beloved children, and, now that he is about to be removed from them by death, assures them that they shall not be left fatherless, for in a little time he will come again, (rise from the dead), and after his ascension, they will be made partakers of that Spirit which will be their comforter, advocate, teacher, and guide forever.
19 Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also.
[The world seeth me no more] The world which rejected him and would soon crucify him, desires to put him out of it's mind.
[Because I live] As surely as I will rise from the dead, so shall you. My resurrection will be proof and pledge of yours.
20 At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.
[That I am in my Father] After my resurrection you will be even more convinced of this important truth; I and the Father are one, and I will live in you by my Spirit, and ye shall live in me by faith.
21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.
[He it is that loveth me] See verse 15.
[Will manifest myself to him] All my faithful disciples shall see me after my resurrection, and I will mainfest my power and goodness to all those who love me, even to the end of the world.
22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?
[How is it] Judas, who was probably still thinking of an immediate earthly kingdom, wonders how this can be, that Christ should manifest himself only to his disciples and not to the world.
23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my
words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our
abode with him.
[If a man] Not only my present disciples but all those who shall believe on me through their word, or that of their successors.
[Love me] Receive me as his Savior, and have the love of God shed abroad in his heart by the Holy Ghost.
[Will keep my words] The natural result of this love will be to observe all Christ's sayings and have his affections and conduct regulated by the Holy Spirit.
[My Father will love him] Call him his child; support, defend and preserve him as such.
[And we will come unto him] God the Father, through his Son, will continue to pour out his choicest blessings upon his head and heart.
[And make our abode with him.] Will make his heart our temple, where God, the Father, Son and Spirit shall rest and receive homage and dwell to eternity. Thus will I manifest myself to the believing, loving, obedient disciple and not to the world, who will not receive the Spirit of truth.
25 These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you.
[He shall bring all things to your remembrance] I have told you many things, much of which you do not yet understand. The Holy Spirit will guide you in understanding, and in remembering what has been said and done so that you will be able to pass this information to your successors.
27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world
giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be
Lest my death should be a stumbling block to you, I have prepared you for it. As events unfold you will understand and believe.
30 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.
31 But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do. Arise, let us go hence.
Based upon excerpts from Adam Clarke's Commentary, 2nd edition published in New York by Lane and Scott, 1850. More recent editions may be purchased from Amazon.com
This page updated 01/24/2007Copyright (C) 1999,2003,2006,2007 Robert C. Denig. All rights reserved